Why is Andong Mask festival celebrated?
It’s one of the coolest and most traditional Korean cultural festivals in the country. The festival evolved from being mainly shamanists to an occasion where the common people could make fun of the people with a higher power, like monks, noblemen, and government officials.
What is Andong festival of Korea?
Andong Mask Dance Festival takes place in Andong, home of the UNESCO World Heritage designated Andong Hahoe Village. The festival includes various cultural performances including Korea’s mask dance drama, an intangible cultural heritage, and mask dance performances from around the world.
What do Korean traditional masks represent?
A mask is used to perform ancestral rites or to drive away evil spirits by wearing a mask. Typically one sees the following some of which are designated as national cultural properties. The Hahoe, Sandae and Talchum are all traditional Korean mask dramas of ritual and religious significance.
When did Talchum?
Early History. The first talchum performances probably took place during the Three Kingdoms Period, from 18 BCE to 935 CE. The Silla Kingdom—which existed from 57 BCE to 935 CE—had a traditional sword dance called “kommu” wherein the dancers may have also worn masks.
What Korean mask originated with religious meaning?
“Tal” is the Korean word for “mask.” For ancient Koreans, the tal was a sacred symbol of the gods (or a particular god). The singing and dancing included in mask performances originate from the practice of praying to the gods to maintain peace and prosperity in the village and to protect people from danger and illness.
Why do Korean wear masks during funeral?
The Bangsangssi mask is considered the oldest traditional mask in Korea, passed down from the Silla Dynasty, around the 6th century. These masks were generally placed in front of funeral biers to banish evil spirits during funeral services or used in royal exorcism ceremonies.
What are talchum masks made of?
Hahoe pyolsin-kut became one of the most popular forms of t’al nori (talchum), which are Korean dance mask dramas. There are over a dozen t’al nori still performed today. T’al nori masks are traditionally made from gourds and paper-mache using Korean mulberry paper called hanji.
Where did talchum mask dance originate?
The Korean masked dance is often known as Talchum. The term Talchum is actually region-specific and refers to the traditional Korean dance which originated in Hwanghae Province (today North and South Hwanghae in North Korea).
Where does Korean masks originated with?
Hahoe Folk Village
The masks originated in the Hahoe Folk Village and Byeongsan Village, North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea. They are counted among the treasures of South Korea, and the oldest Hahoe mask is on display in the National Museum of Korea….Hahoetal.
Why are Korean graves in mounds?
Koreans traditionally buried the dead under mounds standing upright in coffins made from six planks of wood. These represent the four cardinal points on the compass plus a plank for heaven and the other for earth. Even in these modern times ancient symbolism remains important in burial and memorial traditions.
What is the color of mourning in Korea?
The use of color black for mourning dress is well-established practice in many Western countries. Also it became the norm for men’s mourning color during the late 20th century in Korea.
Why is talchum performed?
While it is difficult to trace the origin of talchum, it is believed that talchum began as a part of Shaman ritual which was used to please the gods and exorcise the evil spirits and later became a village ritual to pray for an abundant harvest, peace and prosperity.