Who was loyal to Odysseus?
What does the bed symbolize in the Odyssey?
The bed is a permanent piece of furniture, representing the stability of the marriage between Odysseus and Penelope. Like a tree, solid and long-lasting, Odysseus and Penelope refuse to uproot themselves and join with another partner to create a new family.
What does Argos symbolize in the Odyssey?
Surname 3 The dog Argos is an important symbolism of the Odyssey. It represents Odysseus himself, it is a symbol of loyalty, indicates the conditions in Ithaca, and shows how men are manipulated by gods and a symbol of peace on its death.
How many suitors does Odysseus kill?
24 from Same, 20 from Zacynthos, 12 from Ithaca, and names these: The SUITORS were killed either by Odysseus or by someone in his team, that is, Eumaeus 1, Philoetius or Telemachus.
Who kills Odysseus first?
Does Odysseus cheat on Penelope?
When Odysseus left Ithaca for the Trojan war he was married to Penelope. After that Odysseus traveled to Calypso’s island. Not only did he cheat with Calypso in addition to Circe, but he stayed on her island for seven years until Zeus ordered her to release him.
What does the Odyssey symbolize?
It is, in effect, the sea of life. It represents a great man’s journey through life with all its victories and heartbreaks. Because Odysseus is far from Ithaca and the only way home is by way of the sea, he shows lack of judgment when he incurs the wrath of the sea god, Poseidon, by blinding the god’s son Polyphemus.
Who does Penelope say she will marry?
The test of the bow is Penelope’s test for the suitors. She claims that she will marry the man who can complete this test because he will be much like Odysseus. The man who completes this will be able to string Odysseus’ bow. Then, he will shoot an arrow through twelve ax head handles.
What lessons can we learn from the Odyssey?
The book is also about the hardest lessons some men ever learn: self-control, trust and surrender. For example, Odysseus has to disguise himself as a beggar and endure humiliation once he returns to his homeland in order to size up the situation there and plot his revenge on Penelope’s rapacious suitors.
Which of the following is an important theme throughout the Odyssey?
Answer Expert Verified. I believe that hospitality is an important theme throughout Odyssey. It was a part of the moral code that everybody was supposed to follow at the time. So, hospitality, or the lack of it, affects Odysseus throughout his quests.
Why does Odysseus kill eurymachus?
Presumably, it is because he is one of the two leaders of the suitors and Odysseus wants him out of the way. After Odysseus kills Antinous, Eurymachus tries to make a deal with him. Eurymachus tells him that the suitors will make amends for what they have done.
Does Odysseus kill all the suitors?
Together, Odysseus, Telemachus, Eumaeus and Philoetius kill the suitors and the disloyal maidservants. For reasons of oral presentation (i.e., a memory aid), the suitors are usually listed in the same order throughout the Odyssey.
What roles are played by the female characters in the Odyssey?
Yet in “The Odyssey” women played very important roles. Women were not meek little structures blended into the background, they were powerful and wise. They charmed and controlled the men, took care of them; they provided submission, loyalty and advice.
What happens after Odysseus kills the suitors?
After Odysseus and his crew kill many suitors, Athena joins in and ends the battle. Telemachus then kills the twelve female servants disloyal to Odysseus. Odysseus finally orders Eurycleia to bring him sulfur and fire so he can fumigate the palace.
How does Penelope handle the suitors?
On Odysseus’s return, disguised as an old beggar, he finds that Penelope has remained faithful. She has devised tricks to delay the suitors, one of which is to pretend to be weaving a burial shroud for Odysseus’s elderly father Laertes and claiming that she will choose a suitor when she has finished.
How did Penelope trick the suitors for 3 years?
For three years, Penelope has put off choosing a husband among the suitors by saying that she must first finish weaving a shroud for Laertes. Each day she weaves and each night she unravels her day’s work. Thus she delays for three years until a treacherous maid spills the beans.
What do the sirens symbolize in the Odyssey?
The Sirens symbolize temptation, desire, and risk. Any man that passes the isle is tempted to stop his ship and listen to the Sirens’ sweet sounds.
Who betrayed Penelope in the Odyssey?
What does Antinous symbolize?
an ideal of youthful manly beauty, from the name of the favourite of the Roman emperor Hadrian so famous in ancient art.
Was the Odyssey written by a woman?
In 1897, Samuel Butler scandalized Victorian England by claiming that a woman wrote “The Odyssey.” In “Rediscovering Homer,” Andrew Dalby goes further — arguing that a woman probably composed both “The Odyssey” and “The Iliad.” These two epic poems, written around 650 B.C., are traditionally attributed to Homer.
Why did the suitors want to marry Penelope?
Odysseus’ wife Penelope has suitors because of Odysseus’ long absence. They assume that he is dead, and they hope to marry Penelope to inherit all that she has. She tells the suitors that she cannot marry until she finished a tapestry.
Who is one person spared the slaughter in Book 22?
What is the message of the Odyssey?
Among the themes explored by “The Odyssey” are those of homecoming, vengeance, the restoration of order, hospitality, respect for the gods, order and fate, and, perhaps most importantly, loyalty (Odysseus’ loyalty in persisting in his attempts to return home, even after twenty years, Telemachus’ loyalty, Penelope’s …
How is loyalty shown in the Odyssey?
He shows loyalty to the community by welcoming strangers to his home with feasts and gifts. He shows loyalty to his family by risking his life on the search for the knowledge of Odysseus’ situation. He journeys to Pylos and Sparta to seek news of his father whether he is dead or lost.
What reasons does Odysseus give for killing the suitors?
4) Why does Odysseus kill the suitors? Odysseus wants revenge on the suitors. They have wasted a lot of his wealth, by living at his expense during his absence. More importantly, by taking advantage of his absence, the suitors have insulted Odysseus and damaged his reputation.
How does the Odyssey represent the relationship between male and female?
The theme of independent versus subordinate women manifests itself in the Odyssey. Ancient Greek society had very specific gender roles expecting men to be masculine and domineering while women were passive and obedient.
How did Penelope die?
With this gentle suitor, they say, Penelope had a love affair, and for that reason, they add, she was killed by her own husband. Yet others have said that Odysseus, having learned that Penelope had slept with the great scoundrel Antinous 2, sent her back to her father Icarius 1 in Lacedaemon.
How does Penelope show loyalty to Odysseus?
Penelope shows her loyalty in several ways. She shows loyalty to Odysseus by waiting for his return for twenty long years. She did not choose a suitor until she knew for sure that Odysseus was dead. He also shows loyalty to Penelope by trying to protect her and keeping the suitors away from her.
How does Penelope’s actions help develop the theme of loyalty in the Odyssey?
Answer Expert Verified How Penelope’s actions help develop the theme of the Odyssey is that she refuses to marry, showing her loyalty to her husband.