What drugs are used to treat status asthmaticus?
Mainstay of pharmacologic treatment of status asthmaticus includes short-acting, β2 agonists such as salbutamol (albuterol) administered by metered-dose inhaler with spacer or, preferably, by nebulizer and oral corticosteroids.
Is theophylline used for acute asthma attack?
Given the low cost of theophylline, and its similar efficacy and rate of side effects compared with other drugs, we suggest that theophylline, when given with bronchodilators with or without steroids, is a cost-effective and safe choice for acute asthma exacerbations.
What is the difference between aminophylline and theophylline?
Aminophylline is the ethylenediamine salt of theophylline. Theophylline stimulates the CNS, skeletal muscles, and cardiac muscle. It relaxes certain smooth muscles in the bronchi, produces diuresis, and causes an increase in gastric secretion. Aminophylline is the ethylenediamine salt of theophylline.
Is theophylline a first line treatment for asthma?
Theophylline is a medication used to treat asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as a second-line drug.
Is theophylline an agonist or antagonist?
Adenosine Receptor Antagonism. Theophylline is a potent inhibitor of adenosine receptors at therapeutic concentrations.
What drug is used for status epilepticus?
The benzodiazepines are some of the most effective drugs in the treatment of acute seizures and status epilepticus. The benzodiazepines most commonly used to treat status epilepticus are diazepam (Valium), lorazepam (Ativan), and midazolam (Versed).
Is theophylline a bronchodilator?
Theophylline belongs to a group of medicines known as bronchodilators. Bronchodilators are medicines that relax the muscles in the bronchial tubes (air passages) of the lungs. They relieve cough, wheezing, shortness of breath, and troubled breathing by increasing the flow of air through the bronchial tubes.
Why aminophylline is given slowly?
Intravenous Aminophylline must be administered very slowly to prevent dangerous central nervous system and cardiovascular side-effects due to direct stimulating effect of Aminophylline.