## How do you identify outliers in a SPSS set?

To check for outliers in SPSS:

- Analyze > Descriptive Statistics > Explore…
- Select variable (items) > move to Dependent box.
- Click Statistics… >
- In Output window: Go to Boxplot > Look at circles and *.
- If there are circles or *, then there are potential outliers in your dataset.

**How do you validate data in SPSS?**

To Validate Data 1. From the menus choose: Data > Validation > Validate Data… 2. Select one or more analysis variables for validation by basic variable checks or by single-variable validation rules.

**How do you check for outliers in multiple regression SPSS?**

ARCHIVED: In SPSS, how do I find outliers in my regression?

- From the Analyze menu, select Regression, and then Linear.
- In the dialog box that appears, click Save.
- In the next dialog box that appears, check Leverage values.

### How do you remove outliers from a Boxplot in SPSS?

Go back into the data file and locate the cases that need to be erased. Working from the bottom up, highlight the number at the extreme left, in the gray column, so the the entire row is selected. Click on “Edit” and select “Clear.” Repeat this step for each outlier you have identified from the boxplot.

**How do I run descriptive statistics in SPSS?**

Running the Procedure

- Click Analyze > Descriptive Statistics > Descriptives.
- Add the variables English , Reading , Math , and Writing to the Variables box.
- Check the box Save standardized values as variables.
- Click OK when finished.

**How do you identify outliers?**

Determining Outliers Multiplying the interquartile range (IQR) by 1.5 will give us a way to determine whether a certain value is an outlier. If we subtract 1.5 x IQR from the first quartile, any data values that are less than this number are considered outliers.

## How do you check validity and reliability in SPSS?

To test the internal consistency, you can run the Cronbach’s alpha test using the reliability command in SPSS, as follows: RELIABILITY /VARIABLES=q1 q2 q3 q4 q5. You can also use the drop-down menu in SPSS, as follows: From the top menu, click Analyze, then Scale, and then Reliability Analysis.

**How do you validate a survey questionnaire?**

Questionnaire Validation in a Nutshell

- Generally speaking the first step in validating a survey is to establish face validity.
- The second step is to pilot test the survey on a subset of your intended population.
- After collecting pilot data, enter the responses into a spreadsheet and clean the data.

**What is an outlier and how to find them?**

Sorting of Data. The most straightforward method of how to find outliers in a data set is by simply sorting the data set.

### How to find the interquartile range (IQR) in SPSS?

Its 25% is Q1 (the first quartile),

**How do you calculate outliers in statistics?**

Decide which variable should be the independent variable and which should be the dependent variable.

**How to create and interpret box plots in SPSS?**

G raphs L egacy Dialogs B o xplot