Why does hyperthyroidism cause exophthalmos?
If a person’s immune system attacks the thyroid gland, it may react by producing extra hormones. The autoimmune antibodies can attack the muscles and soft tissue surrounding the eyes, which can cause them to protrude from the sockets.
Does hyperthyroidism have exophthalmos?
One of the main causes of exophthalmos in the UK is thyroid eye disease, also known as Graves’ ophthalmopathy. This is an autoimmune condition that affects around one in every three people with an overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism) caused by Graves’ disease.
What is the mechanism of exophthalmos?
Exophthalmos is the protrusion of one or both eyes anteriorly out of the orbit due to an increase in orbital contents within the rigid bony orbit. It most commonly manifests in thyroid-associated eye disease such as Graves’ disease ophthalmopathy.
What happens to the eyes in hyperthyroidism?
Eye problems, known as thyroid eye disease or Graves’ ophthalmopathy, affect around 1 in 3 people with an overactive thyroid caused by Graves’ disease. Problems can include: eyes feeling dry and gritty. sensitivity to light.
What causes exophthalmos pathophysiology?
The most common cause for unilateral or bilateral exophthalmos is thyroid eye disease, or Graves ophthalmopathy. The proptosis arises from inflammation, cellular proliferation, and accumulation of fluid in the tissues that surround the eyeball in its socket, or orbit.
How do you prevent exophthalmos?
using extra pillows in bed at night to help reduce some of the puffiness around your eyes. wearing sunglasses if you have sensitivity to light (photophobia) trying to avoid exposing your eyes to irritants such as dust. using eye drops to help relieve soreness and moisten your eyes if you have dry eyes.
Is Tepezza an immunosuppressant?
(Immunosuppressants decrease the activity of your immune system.) These drugs can help to reduce inflammation in your eyes. Or, your doctor may recommend certain surgeries to improve your vision or appearance. Your doctor may also suggest Tepezza to treat TED.
Can exophthalmos be cured?
Orbital decompression surgery is most often done to improve the appearance of the eyes in people with thyroid eye disease who are affected by exophthalmos. It may also be required to reduce pressure on the optic nerve.