What is transverse facial cleft?
Transverse facial cleft is an atypical form of cleft, usually involving other structures developed from the first and second branchial arches, and is a feature of various syndromes. 1. However, cases of severe bilateral transverse facial cleft are exceedingly rare, with only a few cases reported in the literature.
What is facial cleft?
Facial clefts comprise a wide spectrum of pathologies that result from failure of fusion in the facial region during the embryonic/early fetal period. The result is a gap in the fetal face. These clefts can affect the lip, philtrum, alveolus, and hard and soft palate to varying degrees.
What causes an oblique facial cleft?
Oblique facial cleft is a rare defect that results when the nasolateral process fails to fuse with the maxillary process, usually resulting from hypoplasia of one of the tissue masses (Figure 12(a)).
What are midline clefts?
Midline facial clefts are uncommon facial deformities, the genetics of which are unknown. A median or midline cleft lip has been broadly defined as any congenital vertical cleft through the centre of the upper lip . It was first described by Bechard in 1823.
What’s a lateral cleft?
Lateral clefts are rare in occurrence. The lateral cleft is cause by failure of fusion of the maxillary and mandibular dermatomes. It is also associated with preaurical tags. We present a case of a lateral cleft of the lip with multiple bilateral preauricular tags that was repaired using triangular flaps.
Is cleft palate associated with Polyhydramnios?
‘ In cleft palate, the small stomach and polyhydramnios most likely result from passage of amniotic fluid from the oro- pharynx through the cleft into the nasopharynx and back into the amniotic sac.
Which facial feature is involved in a midline cleft?
Midline clefts The Tessier number 30 facial cleft is through the tongue, lower lip and mandible. The tongue may be absent, hypoplastic, bifid, or even duplicated. People with this condition may be tongue-tied.
What is a Tessier 7 cleft?
Tessier number 7 cleft is a transverse facial cleft manifesting as macrostomia with or without preauricular skin tags. Bony involvement is variable and may include a temporo-zygomatic cleft with an absent zygomatic arch and accompanying deformities of the mandibular ramus, condyle, and coronoid process (Tessier, 1976).
What causes median cleft lip?
Median cleft lip is a midline vertical cleft through the upper lip. This is a rare anomaly with very few cases described in the literature. Median cleft lip has been thought to be associated with hypertelorism or hypotelorism. It is caused by the failure of fusion of the medial nasal prominences.
What is congenital midline cervical cleft?
Congenital midline cervical cleft is a rare anomaly that typically presents in the neonatal period as a thin suprasternal vertical band of erythematous skin with a nipple-like projection superiorly, which may exude fluid.
What causes lip pits?
Genetic defect of lip pit was found to be due to micro deletion on chromosome bands Iq32-q4 (5,6). More recently a mutation in the IRF6gene was identified (7). The main clinical manifestations are pits and/or sinuses of the lower lip associated with cleft lip and /or palate and occasionally hypodontia (8).
Is cleft chin attractive?
People often think that cleft chins are plainly birth defects and are not attractive at all. Yes, cleft chins are facial asymmetry, but it is a defect that causes no pain and hassle. Chin dimples, cleft chin, or butt chin are arguably sexy and eye-catching.
Can Botox fill in cleft chin?
“One is to soften the mentalis muscle with just a few units of Botox,” says Dr. Parikh, who adds that the easy treatment takes just a few minutes. “For a deeper cleft chin, we can fill it using a…
How can cleft lip and cleft palate be detected?
About 1 in every 1,600 babies is born with cleft lip with cleft palate in the United States.