What is the main idea that Locke is trying to convey in the reading selection?
I believe that the answer to the question provided above is that the main idea that Locke is trying to convey in the reading selection is the we should be vigilant ourselves to the need of others.
Why is Plato’s Apology important?
It offers what many scholars believe is a fairly reliable account of what the Athenian philosopher Socrates (469 BCE – 399 BCE) said in court on the day that he was tried and condemned to death on charges of impiety and corrupting the youth.
What three reasons does Locke give for the justified dissolution of government?
These include: sanctity of the executive; faith that laws will prevent necessity of for ce; and the fear that a small group of individuals will never overthrow powerful leaders with success.
Why does Locke need government?
According to Locke, the main purpose of government is to protect those natural rights that the individual cannot effectively protect in a state of nature.
What makes Socrates the wisest man?
He was the wisest man in Athens because he alone was prepared to admit his own ignorance rather than pretend to know something he did not.
What is Socrates saying in the apology?
The accusations go back over a period of many years and may be summed up in the following words: “Socrates is an evil-doer, and a curious person, who searches into things under the earth and in heaven, and he makes the worse appear the better cause; and he teaches the aforesaid doctrines to others.”
How can you tell if someone is wise?
Characteristics of a Wise Person
- They Educate Themselves. Educate yourself.
- They Are Disciplined. Wise people exercise self-control.
- They Admit Their Mistakes and Learn From Them.
- They Are Patient.
- They Take Instruction Humbly.
- They Can Handle Rejection and Failure.
- They Know That They Can Only Control Themselves.
- They Are Guided by Wisdom.
What was Socrates goal in the apology?
Specifically, the Apology of Socrates is a defence against the charges of “corrupting the youth” and “not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonia that are novel” to Athens (24b).
Who is the wisest person in the world?
- Solomon was the third king over Israel.
- Solomon ruled with wisdom over Israel for 40 years, securing stability through treaties with foreign powers.
- He is celebrated for his wisdom and for building the temple of the Lord in Jerusalem.
What three groups did Socrates interview after being called the wisest man?
2) This motivates Socrates to test the oracle by seeking to find someone wiser than himself. Were he to succeed, the oracle would be refuted. (a) Tests three groups: Politicians, Poets, Craftsmen.
Under what conditions does John Locke believe government can be dissolved?
A government can also be dissolved when its executive power neglects its job and does not execute or enforce the law. The commonwealth devolves into anarchy. Clearly when there is no administration of justice and the laws cannot be carried out for the public good, government no longer exists.
What does Locke say about rebellion?
Locke said that under natural law, all people have the right to life, liberty, and estate; under the social contract, the people could instigate a revolution against the government when it acted against the interests of citizens, to replace the government with one that served the interests of citizens.
How does John Locke justify the overthrow of royal authority?
John Locke justifies the overthrow of the royal authority because he believed democracy is not the only type of government. However, Locke was against an absolute monarchy because the monarch has no limitations on their power. Locke became very influence in later events in America by shaping the founding of the US.
Does Locke think that one type of government versus another is more susceptible to becoming tyrannical?
I don’t think Locke believes that one type of government versus another is susceptible to becoming tyrannical, but I think that Locke believes they have conflicting interests. Those conflicting government issues and interests will eventually lead one government to one dominate the other.
Who is the wisest philosopher?
Why is the apology called the apology?
The name of the dialogue derives from the Greek “apologia,” which translates as a defense, or a speech made in defense. Thus, in The Apology, Socrates attempts to defend himself and his conduct–certainly not to apologize for it.
Did John Locke believe in rebellion?
Locke declared that under natural law, all people have the right to life, liberty, and estate; under the social contract, the people could instigate a revolution against the government when it acted against the interests of citizens, to replace the government with one that served the interests of citizens.
Who is the greatest philosopher of all time?
- Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274)
- Aristotle (384–322 BCE)
- Confucius (551–479 BCE)
- René Descartes (1596–1650)
- Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803 82)
- Michel Foucault (1926-1984)
- David Hume (1711–77)
- Immanuel Kant (1724–1804)
What government did John Locke believe in?
Locke favored a representative government such as the English Parliament, which had a hereditary House of Lords and an elected House of Commons. But he wanted representatives to be only men of property and business. Consequently, only adult male property owners should have the right to vote.
Under what conditions can the government be dissolved?
Government can be dissolved “when the legislative is altered.” Legislative power is altered when the governing body begins to pass arbitrary laws, the very thing the legislative is not allowed to do.