What is cancrum oris?
Noma, or cancrum oris, is a fast-acting gangrene infection that destroys the mucus membranes of the oral and facial tissues. The exact etiology of it is unknown, but it most often occurs in malnourished children living in areas with poor sanitation.
Can cancrum oris be cured?
The progression of the disease can be halted with the use of antibiotics and improved nutrition; however, its physical effects are permanent and may require oral and maxillofacial surgery or reconstructive plastic surgery to repair.
What are the complications of cancrum oris?
Followed by rapid, painless and extensive necrosis of the oral cavity, which can involve the cheek, nose, palate and bones….Presentation
- Poor oral hygiene is nearly always present.
- Excessive salivation.
- Malodour from the mouth.
- Grey discoloration.
- Gingival ulcer formation.
Is there a cure for noma?
Treatment of acute noma includes transfusion of blood and intravenous fluids, administration of antibiotics, putting the patient on a high protein diet and debridement of necrotic areas. Surgical phase is usually initiated 6 to 18 months after a period of quiescence.
What does Actinomyces cause?
Actinomycosis is a rare, infectious disease in which bacteria spread from one part of the body to another through body tissues. Over time, it can result in linked abscesses, pain, and inflammation. It can affect the skin or deeper areas within the body and sometimes the blood.
Is noma a disease?
Noma is a type of gangrene that destroys mucous membranes of the mouth and other tissues. It occurs in malnourished children in areas where sanitation and cleanliness are lacking.
Cancrum Oris is a severe and aggressive gangrenous process that affects young malnourished children (in poor and underdeveloped nations) with debilitating consequences. What are the other Names for this Condition?
What causes cancrum oris in children?
In many cases, children develop Cancrum Oris following a severe illness, such as measles or tuberculosis, during the recuperation phase. Their already weak body constitution combined with poor dental care, unhygienic surroundings, and low immunity levels, facilitate rapid infection spread.
What is the difference between noma neonatorum and cancrum oris?
Not to be confused with Noma neonatorum. Noma (also known as cancrum oris) is a rapidly progressive, often gangrenous, infection of the mouth and face. The mucous membranes of the mouth develop ulcers, and rapid, painful tissue degeneration ensues, which can degrade tissues of the bones in the face.
What are the possible complications of cancrum oris?
Cancrum Oris can cause extensive facial disfigurement and severe complications, such as bone and pulmonary infections, and cachexia, which can result in fatalities. Often, complex facial reconstructive surgeries are necessary to recover basic functions such as eating, chewing, and speaking