What is balloon compression rhizotomy?
Balloon compression is a surgical procedure used to treat trigeminal neuralgia, a chronic pain condition that affects the face. Patients with trigeminal neuralgia can experience extreme but sporadic shock-like pain in the cheeks or jaw that makes it difficult to eat and drink.
What is gasserian ganglion?
The gasserian ganglion is a collection of nerve cell bodies that help provide sensation to the head and face and provide movement to the muscle of mastication (chewing muscles). The gasserian ganglion lies inside the skull on each side of the head.
What is percutaneous balloon compression?
Percutaneous ganglion balloon compression (PBC) is a minimally invasive procedure for treatment of trigeminal neuralgia. Materials and Methods. Twenty-seven (19 female and 8 male) patients, who presented with classical symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia, were included.
Why trigeminal ganglion is called gasserian ganglion?
The trigeminal ganglion, also known as the Gasser, Gasserian or semilunar ganglion, is the large crescent-shaped sensory ganglion of the trigeminal nerve located in the trigeminal cave (Meckel cave) surrounded by cerebrospinal fluid. The ganglion contains the cell bodies of the sensory root of the trigeminal nerve.
What is the surgery for trigeminal neuralgia?
Microvascular decompression (MVD), also known as the Jannetta procedure, is the most common surgical procedure for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia.
Where is Gasserian ganglion located?
The semilunar sensory ganglion (also known as the trigeminal ganglion or Gasserian ganglion) is a thin, crescent-shaped structure situated in Meckel’s cave within the middle cranial fossa.
What happens if trigeminal nerve is damaged?
A trigeminal nerve injury may affect a small area, like part of your gum, or a large area, like one side of your face. The injury can cause problems with chewing and speaking. The extent depends on where the nerve damage occurs. You may have ongoing numbness or facial pain in the area that the nerve serves.
What is the function of the ganglia?
Ganglia are ovoid structures containing cell bodies of neurons and glial cells supported by connective tissue. Ganglia function like relay stations – one nerve enters and an other exits. The structure of ganglia is illustrated by the example of the spinal ganglion.