What is a vicinage in NJ?
Vicinage is a term specific to New Jersey. The New Jersey Superior Courts, which are the state’s trial courts, are grouped into 15 smaller vicinages. The legal definition of a vicinage is “The area where a crime was committed, a trial is being held, or the community from which jurors are drawn.”
What is the difference between municipal and Superior Court in the NJ State legal System?
There are no formal trials in municipal court, and the judge alone (not a jury) will hear a case. The Superior Court hears cases that involve indictable offenses, juvenile cases, divorces and other family matters, civil suits, and appeals from municipal court judgments.
How many municipal courts are in the US?
Nationwide, there are over 7,500 such courts in thirty states. Collectively they process over three and a half million criminal cases every year and collect at least two billion dollars in fines and fees.
How many municipal courts are in NJ?
539 municipal courts
The New Jersey municipal courts have jurisdiction over municipal ordinance violations, minor criminal offenses, as well as traffic and motor vehicle violations. There are 539 municipal courts in the state.
What is a legal Vicinage?
Legal Definition of vicinage : a particular vicinity or district: as. a : the district in which a crime takes place and from which the accused is entitled to have an impartial jury selected as required by the Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
What cases are the jurisdiction of the city and municipal court?
Jurisdiction of municipal court. — The Municipal Court shall have the same jurisdiction in civil and criminal cases and the same incidental powers as at present conferred upon them by law.
What is the jurisdiction of Municipal Trial Court?
7691, the Metropolitan Trial Courts, the Municipal Trial Courts in Cities, the Municipal Trial Courts and the Municipal Circuit Trial Courts shall exercise “Exclusive original jurisdiction over civil actions and probate proceedings, testate and intestate including the grant of provisional remedies in proper cases.